Modernism 
     in architecture

For the world architecture modernism was a time when a new era dawned. It was a trend which significantly influenced the process of shaping doctrines and ideas connected with spatial planning and architecture in cities. Modernism also brought about the beginning of the great career of industrial design.
The most important centres of the modernist style were established in Germany (rationalism of Walter Groupius's BAUHAUSU; E. Mendelsohn's expressive trend), France (Le Corbusier's functionalism; the luxury trend) as well as in Holland and Belgium (the so called Amsterdam neo-plasticism). Modernism rapidly spread across the world, both as an international trend, and in its regional versions and found friendly havens in rapidly developing cities of Europe, both Americas, Asia and Africa where influence of architects from the colonial powers of the time (France, Holland, Italy, Germany, or Great Britain) became clearly visible.
 


However, only a few cities had their city-centres and key public buildings built in the spirit of modernist avant-garde such as the case was with Gdynia, Tel Aviv or Brasilia.

Gdynia 
    is an exceptional urban complex

of modernist buildings, including Śródmieście (Downtown) which was entered to the register of monuments. The city was being built to become the Polish dream, "a window on the world", within the frames of an ambitious economic plan, and at the same time gave young Polish architects, urban planners, decorators and designers a chance to show their skills. The modernist Gdynia Downtown was shaped over a very short period of the 30's which additionally reinforced the symbolic message of the "white architecture" and the "sunny city". Entire rows of cuboidal tenement houses and more distinctive silhouettes of aerodynamic buildings brining about associations with ship architecture were built in the city. Gdynia modernism also includes outstanding examples of industrial buildings – port and residential, including exclusive residential estates.